Kalemegdan Fortress 


Kalemegdan Fortress: A Historical Gem in the Heart of Belgrade


Kalemegdan Fortress, located in the heart of Belgrade, Serbia, is a historical gem that has stood the test of time for over 2,000 years. The fortress, which overlooks the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, has played a crucial role in the history of the city and the surrounding region. Today, Kalemegdan Fortress is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Serbia, attracting visitors from all over the world.

Kalemgdan fortress History


The history of Kalemegdan Fortress dates back to the 3rd century BC, when the Celts first established a settlement on the site. Over the centuries, the fortress was inhabited by various peoples, including the Romans, Byzantines, and Ottomans. During the Ottoman period, the fortress served as a military stronghold, and played a crucial role in the defense of the city against invading forces.


In the 19th and early 20th centuries, Kalemegdan Fortress was expanded and modernized by the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which controlled Serbia at the time. During this period, the fortress was used as a military barracks, and was heavily fortified with artillery and other defensive structures.

Kalemgdan Today,

Kalemegdan Fortress is a major tourist attraction, and is considered one of the most important historical sites in Serbia. The fortress is home to a number of museums and cultural institutions, including the Military Museum, the Museum of Natural History, and the Art Pavilion. Visitors can also explore the fortress walls and ramparts, and enjoy stunning views of the city and the surrounding countryside.



Pobednik ( the Winner ) is the name of the triumphant monument erected in 1928 on the Upper Town of Belgrade Fortress to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the breakthrough of the Salonika Front. The monument consists of a bronze male figure with a falcon in the left hand and a lowered sword in the right, and the man wears a cap representing the traditional Serbian folk costume from the Old Serbia-Torlak region. The work was created by the sculptor Ivan Meštrović, and the pedestal, designed in the form of a Doric column with flutes on a high cubic base, is the work of architect Petar Bajalović.

Another must-see attraction at the fortress is the Military Museum, which features exhibits on Serbia's military history from the 18th century to the present day. The museum's collection includes weapons, uniforms, and other military artifacts, as well as a number of interactive exhibits and displays.

Visitors can also explore the fortress walls and ramparts, which offer breathtaking views of the city and the surrounding countryside. The walls are lined with cannons and other defensive structures, and visitors can even climb to the top of the walls for an even better view.

In addition to its historical and cultural attractions, Kalemegdan Fortress is also a popular destination for outdoor activities. The fortress grounds are home to several parks and gardens, as well as a number of sports facilities, including tennis courts and a soccer field.


Kalemegdan Fortress is a true historical gem, and is a must-see destination for anyone visiting Belgrade or Serbia. With its rich history, stunning views, and diverse array of attractions, the fortress offers something for everyone. Whether you're interested in history, culture, or outdoor activities, Kalemegdan Fortress is sure to leave a lasting impression on you.